Players:

  • Allied-UK, US, France, USSR,  China British colonies (India, Australia..)
  • Axis-Germany, Japan, Italy, Romania, Hungary, ..
  • (Japan, Italy were on the other side compared to WW-I )

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Leaders:

Axis:

  • Germany: Adolf Hitler
  • Japan: Hirohito, Sadao Araki
  • Italy:Benito Mussolini

Allied:

  • UK (Winston Churchill)
  • US (Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. TrumanWoodrow Wilson..)
  • USSR ( Joseph Stalin)

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Initiator: Hitler attacked Poland on 1st Sept 1939

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Real Reasons:

  • Humiliation of Germany by Treaty of Versailles
  • Humiliation of Japan which was not recognized
  • ‘Great Depression’ in 1930s made worst economy in Germany and also to small extent in US/Britain/France

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War grounds:

  • Western Front (France-Belgium-Netherlands)
  • Eastern Front (Russia-Germany)
  • Pacific (Japan-British / China / US)

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America:

  • 7 Dec 1939 attacks on Pearl Harbor
  • Battle of Stalingrad

 

USSR: Attack of Hitler on USSR: Operation BARBAROSSA

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Deaths: 122 million (85 million more than WW-I 37 million)

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India: Seldom appreciated fact by westerners is that the largest contingent sent to war front was Indian

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End:

  • Surrender of Japan on 15 Aug 1945
  • Formation of United Nations

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(     Edited version of Balaji Vishvanathan’s article:

https://www.quora.com/How-can-one-summarize-World-War-II-in-10-sentences-or-less/answer/Balaji-Viswanathan-2    )

 

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